Writing a Discussion for Dissertation
Discussion section of any dissertation is one of the most important parts. It provides readers with crucial information about the dissertation problem and • Provides explanation and interpretation of the findings to readers;
• Provides answers to the questions of the study;
• Provides proof that used approach is relevant;
• Provides critical evaluation of conducted research.
How to Begin
Begin your discussion section with the most important findings of your research. Then be sure to connect your work to other studies. Perhaps there were some that inspired you the most and motivated to take a certain approach? Remember that the main purpose of your discussion is not to prove, but to discover. In other words, discussion is a chance to explain the meaning of the results you discovered. Think about your reader first.
Expressing Personal Thoughts
Professional writers say the discussion is the part where authors can express their thoughts to readers. The key to writing a successful discussion is critical evaluation. This means that the author does not just describes the results of the research but also explains their meaning. And another thing: you don’t just explain them, but make them clear and understandable to your audience. Remember that no one else before you thought as hard about your topic. You are the researcher that collected all the data, analyzed it and produced results. So they will be clearer to you and not to your reader.
Objectivity is Crucial
Do not jump into conclusions just yet. Keep in mind that you have to maintain the following connection in your dissertation:
The hypothesis - study - data - conclusions
Discussion should not use your criticism of others. When comparing and contrasting your results, stay within the lines of objectivity. Do not try to attack other researchers let alone prove something to your audience.
Discussion is often considered as the largest part of dissertation. Most writers make it more understandable by dividing them into subsections.
Ask yourself the following questions to be sure your discussion is done properly:
• Did I provide summary of the study results? • Are my result not just described but interpreted?
• Did I provide explanation on whether the results support or disprove the hypothesis?
• Did I examine present results with the ones form previous studies on the topic?
• Did I provide explanation why my work is important?
• Did I include limitations of my research?
• Did I suggest improvements on the Problem?
• Did I include possible directions for future studies on the Problem?
Techniques for Writing Dissertation Discussion:
• Remember how you were used to write a compare and contrast essays. Use the same approach: make a two column table where you identify similarities and differences between your work and previous works in the topic area.
• Use null hypothesis technique. It states that you should write the reasons why results are not important. There might be times when taking opposing position might force you to think more creatively.
• Think of the limitations of your study first. Write them down and think of contributions. This technique uses the same approach as the null hypothesis.