Parts Of An Essay
An essay usually has three main parts. They are an introduction, a body (the second part also is known as supporting paragraphs) and a conclusion (the third part also is known as a summary paragraph).
1. An Introduction (An Introduction Paragraph)
An introduction paragraph is the first part of your essay. We recommend you to write approximately three, four or five sentences in your introduction. However, you may write a bit more than five sentences, but not less than two sentences.
Your introduction paragraph is divided into three sub-parts:
- A hook is the first sentence in your introduction paragraph. The purpose of the hook is attracting a potential reader’s attention. You may write the relevance of the topic in the first sentence of your essay.
- An introduction of the topic is the next sentence (or the next sentences, in case if you have more than three sentences in your introduction paragraph). Give some background information in this sub-part of your introduction paragraph (you may quote different appropriate phrases of the famous writers, artists or politicians; you may write a relevant anecdote; you may also mention some interesting facts according to your theme; or you may explain the definitions of some terms in your essay).
- A thesis statement is the last sentence (or the last sentences) in your introduction paragraph. You have to give an answer to the question: “What is your opinion about the theme?'.
Suppose you write an argumentative essay on the theme “Should It Be A Free School Meal For Every Child?'. You may start your essay with a direct question to your imaginary reader like this: “Have you ever thought how much money our government spend on free school meals for all primary schoolboys and schoolgirls?'. Then write about the concrete loss of free school meals. After that, you may argue that a free school meal is a luxury for our state.
2. A Body (Body Paragraphs Or Supporting Paragraphs)
A body is the second paragraph of your essay. You may write several body paragraphs in your essay. The amount of supporting paragraphs is not restricted. Write so many body paragraphs as you need to prove your point of view.
If you write an argumentative essay, you may start the first supporting paragraph with explaining the position of people whose opinion is diametrically opposed of yours. Show that you understand their arguments: 1) having dinner in time is necessary for children’s health; 2) children have to eat healthy products, but not fast food; 3) some families are too poor; 4) many parents are too busy to make dinners for their children, etc.
Demonstrate your own point of view in the second part of your body paragraphs. Remember that the explanations of your own point of view have to be more convincing than the evidence of people whose opinion is contrary of yours. Write something like this: “Yes, children have to eat in time. It would be good for their health. However, they don’t like these free school meals and don’t eat this food'.
You may give an example from your own experience. Describe the situation where your former classmate used to place these free school meals in his schoolbag (of course, surreptitiously) to throw this food out on the way to home.
3. A Conclusion (A Conclusion Paragraph Or A Summary Paragraph)
A conclusion paragraph is the third part of your essay. This part of your essay summarizes the main idea. A summary paragraph usually is divided into three sub-parts:
- A summary of the essay.
- The keys to solve the problems (if there are any).
- An address to your imaginary reader with some constructive suggestions. For example, the last sentence may be like this: “Dear readers! Let’s write the letter to our President with the request to abolish free school meals, as it is uneconomical for the state'.