Language And Speech: What Is A Difference?
We usually use these two notions during speaking but do not pay attention to the main differences between them. These are two entirely different communicating tools that are characterized by the following distinctions:
Language is connected with written and profound understanding form of communication, while the speech is an oral representation of the language. Language has strict rules and patterns of communication that make its production process controlled and well-formed. Here we take into consideration two language aspects:
Morphology is a linguistic study that deals with words and their inner structure (morphemes), patterns of the word structure and other peculiarities. The syntax is a study that deals with sentence structure, word order and the whole text. When we talk about speech, we also imply the same rules that are used in language, still due to different unique features of the person, it is disposed to be variable, with possible irregular structure and order of words. One more aspect of speech discussion is the presence of the following constituents of the notion:
Articulation – the way sounds are made, peculiarities of sound producing, for example – "row" is characterized by the sharp sound "r" and some people who have articulate disabilities or the children category pronounce it like "wow".
Voice – the peculiarities of production of the sound that comprise the breathing process and the vocal folds (voice abuse, hoarseness, loss of voice and so on) Fluency is a rhythm of speech (hurry, hesitation, stammering influence greatly on its fluency).
Stages Of The Speech Writing:
Make A Plan Of Work Speech is an oral presentation, but it does not mean the absence of written preparation. You need to start your paper with making a plan of work that comprises the definite periods of time devoted to the particular stage of work. The first stage of the speech writing is choosing a topic. The subject of your paper must be of current importance: it must be both essential and capturing for your audience category. At the same time, your topic must be well-familiar to you as knowing the subject; you will save your time and quality of the paper. The next stage is the information gathering. The collection of information includes usage of multiple available sources: internet articles, books, newspapers, specialized magazines, already existing academic works. The only condition is your authenticity: you are not allowed to resort to the plagiarism. Modern check-up programs can detect this quickly. The third stage is the draft composition. Your draft is a structural skeleton for your fair copy that is characterized by the following constituent parts: introduction, main body, conclusion. The introduction is an insight into the work that gives information about your topic, aims, sources of inspiration, reasons why you chose the topic and so on. The main body is a major part of the paper that is distributed into at least three main paragraphs. Each section carries a separate issue/ argument/ statement that is to be discussed. The conclusion is a total sum up of the paper and the emphasis on your main idea.
Fair Copy Writing and Memorizing Of The Information
Your fair copy is almost the last stage of work. It develops the key information concluded in your outline version. The key words, phrases, and sentences must form the whole coherent text. You should check your paper for possible grammatical mistakes. Memorizing of the text is one of the most difficult phases of work. People are often mistaken resorting to the robot memorizing of each word and phrase. Your task is to remember the contents and coherence of the represented issues. Usage of your words is not a mistake but to make your speech profound and astonishing you need to make artificial presentations and to rehearse.
Key To Successful Speech Representation
Why is speech considered to be harder than writing? It is evident to explain. For you to know, over the half of people are afraid of a stage. The reason is a fear of being ridiculed, criticized and not accepted. In this way, the very first thing you must do before presenting your work is leaving your worries behind. You are not going to be eaten, and you are not going to suffer from terrible pain. Thus, you just need to calm down, smile and perform your work with dignity. During the presentation you should take into account the following issues:
It is important that while speaking you were not mumbling. Your speech must be confident, playing and clear. Do not be monotonous, use intonation to color your language. Always keep an eye contact with the audience. Do not look on the floor, at the window or only at your instructor. Pass your sight from one person to another to provide the representation with a covered dialog. During the speech use rhetorical and special questions to keep in communication with the audience. On no account be stuck in the text of your work. It will create an impression that you read it for the first time. Do not forget about gestures: not of that type like you are trying to get rid of bees but the smooth, graceful movements with your hands. Speaking about the posture, do not cross your legs as it often proves your being shy and uncertain. Do not stoop to show all your physical advantages. Look through your wardrobe before going to school. You need to look stylish, fittingly but not too bright and obscene. Adhering to these rules, you will ensure the success of your performance.
For Those Who Have No Time For Writing
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