Annotative Bibliography as Kind of Work
Hearing the phrase "annotated bibliography," we let out a sigh of relief as we imagine just a list of the informational sources that are used during the paper accomplishment. Unfortunately, this kind of bibliography is not what you are thinking about now.
Firstly, you should realize that it is a real labor as your task is not just to copy paste the authors and the names of their works. Make a list of citations to the books, magazines, articles and accompany them with 150-word texts that provide the audience with the summary and evaluation of the source cited. Depending on the assignment peculiarities and set purposes, we should distinguish the following types of the annotative bibliographies:
Indicative annotation. It implies a representation of the source content: what it is and what are the main issues.
Evaluative annotation. From its name we can guess that this type of bibliography estimates advantages and disadvantages of the work: what it can boast of and what should have been excluded.
Informative annotation. This type is considered to be a summary of the work: it names the thesis, arguments, evidence and conclusion.
Combination annotations. It is the most widely-used type of the bibliography that firstly informs the reader about the content of work and then evaluates it. It is both descriptive and critical, expressing the author's point of view and your attitude to the source.
Structure of the Bibliography Annotation
It is important to know what the very elements to include in your bibliography annotation. In other words, you should have a plan that reflects the structure of the annotation. Below you can see the list of issues it may include:
Author's proficiency: here you are to tell about the writer as the one apart from the work you used. What he is famous for, what about his experience at your subject, what position he takes/took and so on.
The aim of writing: what the purpose of writing was, why he was interested in this issue, what he wanted to achieve by this work.
The potential readers. This section implies the audience this work is addressed to age category, special interests, society levels, profession and so on.
Author's opinion: what the author considers his work to be, what are the most important aspects of work, what he tries to emphasize.
References. The author can make references to the other works, comparing or contrasting their approaches with his own.
Concluding part. Here you write about the results of the separate finding and emphasize the main idea of the paper.
Writing Form and Format: Organizational Issues
As stated above, the length of the annotation is 100-150 words. It must be in the form of one paragraph. During writing, use the third person singular and plural. It is even better to use passive voice and passive constructions. Avoid repetition of the standard phrases in the text. Remember that here your paramount task is not to express your emotional attitude to the work but to summarize the work and show its contribution to your research. Try to use the vocabulary of the author showing your acquaintance with the work and to convey the ideas of the author. If you want to save the form of writing, put the author's words into the quotation marks. Do not shorten the sentences but sometimes usage of separate phrases and words is also possible. Your bibliography annotation must follow one or another citation formats such as APA, MLA, Chicago, ASA, ACA and so on.
How to Make the Annotation: Work Process
Annotated bibliography is usually a concluding part of the research work that has its stages of writing. One of the first stages of work that coincides with a general plan of actions during the paper accomplishment is searching and filtering of the information. Study all the books, articles, magazines you separated out. You should analyze for yourself what literature is the most appropriate for your topic, selecting it from the other data sources you found. After that come to summarizing of the work content and evaluation of the information source. What we would like to mention is the organization of the annotated bibliography. It can be of several types
General Tips for Beginners
If you are not a real annotation bibliography maker, our prompts will help you to cope with the task.
Relax. Concentrate on your work and get rid of extra thoughts. What you need to do is to be fully in the work process.
Find consultants. You can find them on the internet forums or in real life. Ask your instructor for a recommendation of appropriate literature for your work. Or speak to the librarian about what you are looking for, meet with experts of your subject to discuss the issues concerning your occupation. It will be useful to attend different lectures and seminars, additional courses that will give a list of capturing literature to the audience.
Be grammatically correct. Though the annotation is short enough, it does not mean you will make fewer mistakes. Pay attention to the morphological and syntactical correctness: word combinations, order, sentence structure and punctuation peculiarities – everything matters.
Adhere to the correct structure. In the previous paragraphs, we have given you a list of issues that should be mentioned in your annotation. Do not restrict yourself purely with informative functions as evaluation is required in the majority of cases.
Avoid plagiarism. You can find lots of samples of the bibliography annotation through the internet but do not copy the text. You should read the source of writing yourself and come to your conclusion. After all, it is an integral part of your research.
Ask your friends to look through the paper. It's nice to have somebody to estimate your work from one's point of view and to check it for possible mistakes.
We hope that our tips will help you with your task fulfillment. Just do not put off your paper into the faraway box and come to the work right now!